The IT industry is evolving and professionals should keep themselves updated with the latest methodologies or frameworks so that they can work effectively. Scrum is one such type of framework which is commonly used in the industry nowadays and companies are paying attractive packages to get hold of an expert.
Scrum is an Agile framework that allows a team to self-organize and make changes quickly, in accordance with agile principles. A Scrum Master is the facilitator for an agile development team and manages the process for how information is exchanged. Being a certified Scrum Master can help you to get into the top IT companies in the industry.
Here is a run-down of some of the important Scrum Master interview questions that that may be asked in a Scrum Master interview:
Q1. Name the phases of risk management.
Ans. There are 5 phases of risk management –
- Risk identification
- Risk categorization
- Risk response
- Risk review
- Risk closure
Q2. What are the primary tools used in a Scrum project?
Ans. The primary tools used in a Scrum project are –
- Version One
- Pivotal Tracker
Q3. What is Scrumban?
Ans. A Scrumban is a management framework and Kanban-based model for software development. It is used in software projects that require continuous maintenance, problem-solving, error fixation, etc. This model is chosen to complete a project within minimum time.
Q4. What is API?
Ans. API or Application Programming Interface is a communication protocol between clients and servers. This contract is created to ensure smooth functioning and building of client-side software. The client describes its requirements and the server is responsible to deliver the product as agreed.
Q5. What is a product roadmap?
Ans. It is a product vision that offers a holistic view of product features. A product roadmap helps the product teams to communicate the strategy with cross-functional teams as well as key stakeholders.
Q6. How is estimation done in a Scrum project?
Ans. The entire team does estimation in a Scrum project during the sprint planning meeting. This is achieved by using relative Agile estimation techniques.
Q7. Which techniques are used for estimation?
Ans. Techniques used in estimation include –
- T-shirt Estimation Technique
- Planning Poker Estimation Technique
- Estimation by Analogy Technique
- Disaggregation Estimation Technique
Q8. What are the most common risks in a Scrum project?
Ans. The most commonly encountered risks in a Scrum project are –
- A scope creep
- Timeline issues
- Budget issues
Q9. What is Scope Creep? How will you avoid Scope Creep?
Ans. Also known as requirement creep, Scope Creep refers to damages or deviations in any project’s scope within the same resource range, and these are beyond human control. It indicates poor project management and is a potential risk to a project.
Q10. What are the common reasons behind Scope Creep?
Ans. It can be because of any uncontrolled issue, but the primary reasons behind Scope Creep are –
- Poor or miscommunication between the stakeholders of a project
- Improper documentation of project requirements
Q11. What is the Gap Analysis?
Ans. It is a method to assess differences in performance between the existing system and functionalities of a business. It is a performance level comparison that checks whether business requirements are being met and devises the ways that can help to get the required results.
Q12. Can you differentiate a Risk and an Issue?
Ans. Yes, a Risk is a problem that has been predicted earlier and improvement plans are devised for them, while an Issue is problem that has already occurred.
Also Read>> Agile Interview Questions and Answers
Q13. What is the role of Sashimi in Scrum?
Ans. Sashimi is used in Scrum to check if all the functions are completed after a product is displayed. It involves different methodologies like analysis, designing, coding, testing, and documentation.
Q14. What is Product Backlog & Sprint Backlog?
Ans. A product backlog contains features and requirements of a product.
A sprint backlog is a subset of the product backlog. It has features and requirements only related to a particular sprint.
Q15. What is Project Scope Management?
Ans. Project Scope Management is a set of processes followed in Agile projects to ensure that a project’s scope is accurately defined and mapped. The process involves steps like –
- Planning scope management
- Collecting requirements
- Defining scope
- Creating Work Breakdown Structure
- Validating Scope
- Controlling Scope
Q16. Name different types of metrics used to measure the work done by scrum teams.
Ans. Metrics that help to measure the work done by scrum teams include –
- Sprint Goal Success
- Escaped Defects and Defect Density
- Team Velocity
- Sprint Burn-down
- Time to Market
- Capital Redeployment
- Customer Satisfaction
Also Read>> Agile vs Scrum
Q17. What is a burn-down chart?
Ans. A burn-down chart is a graphical representation of work left to do versus time.
Q18. What is RC?
Ans. RC is the abbreviation of the Release Candidate. It is an internally released build to check for any undetected critical issues left during the previous development period. RC is only used for testing purposes.
Q19. Name the most important tools used in Agile projects.
Ans. The most important tools used in Agile projects are –
- Active Collab
- Agile Bench
- JIRA Agile
- Pivotal Tracker
- Telerik TeamPulse
Q20. Name some Agile project management tools.
Ans. Some popular Agile project management tools are –
- Active Collab
- Agilo for Scrum
- Atlassian Jira
- Pivotal Tracker
Also Read>> Agile Project Management