Top Scrum Master Interview Questions & Answers

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The IT industry is evolving and professionals should keep themselves updated with the latest methodologies or frameworks so that they can work effectively. Scrum is one such type of framework which is commonly used in the industry nowadays and companies are paying attractive packages to get hold of an expert.

Scrum is an Agile framework that allows a team to self-organize and make changes quickly, in accordance with agile principles. A Scrum Master is the facilitator for an agile development team and manages the process for how information is exchanged. Being a certified Scrum Master can help you to get into the top IT companies in the industry.

Here is a run-down of some of the important Scrum Master interview questions that that may be asked in a Scrum Master interview:


Q1. Is ‘Scrum’ a methodology or a framework?


Ans. It is a framework and not a methodology.


Q2. What is the difference between Agile and Scrum?


Ans. The Agile methodology employs incremental and iterative work beats that are also called sprints. Scrum, on the other hand, is the type of agile approach that is used in software development.


Also Read>> Agile vs Scrum


Q3. Why is the Scrum development less risky than waterfall method?


Ans. In Scrum, the focus is on delivering fully-tested, independent, valuable, small features. Thus, the risk is diversified and if one feature goes wrong, it should not impact another feature.


Q4. Name some other agile methodologies or frameworks apart from Scrum used in software development


Ans. Lean and Kanban software development.


Q5. The product owner role is a bottleneck by design. How can you support the Product owner so that he/she can be the value maximizer?


Ans. Help the product owner to make product backlog in good shape and make it ready for the next sprint.


Q6. How do you ensure that the Scrum team has an access to the stakeholders?


Ans. Here are some of the ways the Scrum team can have access to the stakeholders:

  • Get support from the stakeholders themselves
  • Educate senior management
  • Be flexible
  • Be prepared to work with stakeholder representatives
  • Be proactive and present a plan to prove your capabilities


Q7. How long does a scrum cycle last?


Ans. It depends on the type of project the team is working on and usually, it lasts for about 2 to 4 weeks.



Q8. Who are involved in Scrum cycle?


Ans. The Scrum cycle includes:

  • Scrum master
  • Product owner
  • Team


Q9. Who are the ‘3 Amigos’ in Scrum?


  1. Developer(s)
  2. Tester(s)
  3. Business Analysts or the Product Owners.


Also Read>> Agile Interview Questions and Answers


Q10. What are the ‘user stories’ in Scrum?


Ans. User stories are short, one sentence definitions of a feature or functionality.


Q11. What is the ideal size of a Scrum team?


Ans. The standard size is 6 (+ 3). Ideally, it should consist of 6 people, including the Scrum Master himself/herself. Now if the project is big, one can and should accommodate 3 more people into the team.


Q12. List out what are the ‘artifacts’ of Scrum process?



  • Sprint backlog
  • Product backlog
  • Velocity chart
  • Burn-down chart


Q13. Explain what is a Scrum Sprint?


Ans. A Scrum project is developed in a series of Sprint. It is a repeatable and regular work cycle in Scrum during which work is accomplished and kept ready for review.


Also Read>> Scrum Master Certification: An overview & process to accomplish the same!


Q14. What is ‘velocity’ in Scrum?


Ans. Velocity is a measure of the amount of work a Team can tackle during a single Sprint and is the key metric in Scrum.


Q15. How is velocity calculated?


Ans. Velocity is calculated at the end of the Sprint by totalling the points for all fully completed user stories.


Q16. What is the ideal duration for a Sprint?


Ans. Generally, a Sprint lasts for 30 days to 2 weeks.


Q17. Explain what is a ‘product backlog’ in Scrum?


Ans. Before the scrum sprint initiates, product owner reviews the list of all new features, change requests, enhancements and bug reports to determine which ones are high priorities. If the project is new, it includes new features that the new system must provide, this list of items is referred as Product Backlog.


Q18. What is MVP in Scrum?


Ans. Minimum viable product (MVP) is a product with just enough features to satisfy early customers and to provide feedback for future development.


Also Read>> Agile Project Management


Q19. What is a DoD?


Ans. Definition of Done (DoD) is a simple list of activities (writing code, coding comments, unit testing, integration testing, release notes, design documents, etc.) that add verifiable/demonstrable value to the product.


Q20. What are Epics?


Ans. An Epic can be defined as a big chunk of work that has one common objective. It could be a feature, customer request or business requirement.

As Scrum is a framework and not a methodology, there is no single way through which you can get the best results. However, you need to understand the best practices and a Scrum Master certification course designed by industry experts can help you a lot in that direction. Also, you need to be highly aware of all industry-relevant facts and proficient in the terminologies used in such practices. This is where the above article will be of enormous help to those who are preparing for a Scrum Master interview.

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About the Author

Hasibuddin Ahmed

Hasibuddin Ahmed

Hasib is a professional writer associated with He has written a number of articles related to technology, marketing, and career on various blogs and websites. As an amateur career guru, he often imparts nuggets of knowledge related to leadership and motivation. He is also an avid reader and passionate about the beautiful game of football.