How to Become a Data Analyst from Scratch?

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How to become a data analyst

 

There’s a lot of buzz in the world of data analytics. It has been seen in the recent years that data analytics is becoming a hot industry, with many opportunities opening up in this field. Are you interested in starting a career in data analytics? The best entry-level profile is data analyst and this article will guide you to how you can take it up.

 

Who is a data analyst?

 

Data Analysts are the professionals who are responsible for collecting, cleansing, transforming and modelling data to find meaningful and useful information, which can support decision-making processes.

 

 

How to become a data analyst without experience?

 

To become a data analyst, you do not need to have special degree or educational qualifications. You need to have the right skills and knowledge.  Following steps will help you to fulfil your dream of becoming a data analyst:

 

Step 1: Acquire basic statistical knowledge

 

As a data analyst, you will have to work with data and hence, basic statistical knowledge is utmost important. . To start your career, you need not know the advanced level statistics. High school level and basic college-level statistics will be enough to get you started with data analysis. If you are an MBA or undergrad, the statistics that you have learned will be more than enough to get a job as a data analyst. If you are a graduate from a different background than science, you can go through a college book or an online statistics course.

Some of the common areas in statistics that you will need to know to start your career are mean, median, mode, standard deviation and variance and hypothesis testing.
 

 

Step 2: Become proficient in MS Excel

 

MS Excel is one of the most widely-used statistical software. Though many newer tools have eclipsed the functionality of Excel, it is still the go-to software amongst many data analysts. It is an important tool for simple data analysis and even proves to be powerful at times. If you ask some of the highly experienced professionals in the data analytics field, most of them will tell you that they have started their career with Excel.

 

Step 3: Get started with SQL

 

Excel has storage limitations and this is why a major percentage of data nowadays is stored in database warehouses. Thus, you need to be proficient in retrieving data from the data systems to manipulate the data. This is where knowledge of SQL (Structured Query Language) comes handy. It is the most commonly-used querying language and most organisations look for someone who is skilled in SQL for a data analyst profile.

 

 

Bonus Steps to Become an Ultra-hireable Data Analyst

 

Step 4: Become an expert in visualisation software

 

Data visualisation is an important skill for a data analyst. It’s good that you find meaningful patterns in the data you have. However, if you cannot show them in a way that everyone can understand, it will be difficult to share the analysed information. For this, data visualisation software will help you. There are some awesome tools like Tableau and QlikView for this task.

 

Step 5: Gain Programming Skills

 

You do not need to know hard-core programming if you are going for SAS and it offers an easy learning curve; though, it has a very high cost of use. R and Python are a bit difficult to learn as compared to SAS. However, it offers you a lot more flexibility to make easy use of complex functions. This is the reason R and Python are more popular among the big data analytics professionals.

 

Step 6: Get a data analysis certification

 

It’s good to have skills but what’s better than that is a certification, which validates it.  Earning a certification means that you are well-skilled and have the knowledge to take up any project related to it. This will help to get better job opportunities and improve your chances of landing a job.

Naukri Learning has a number of professional certification courses aimed at providing the best learning experience to the candidates and helps them in starting a career in data analytics.

 

About the Author

Hasibuddin Ahmed

Hasibuddin Ahmed

Hasib is a professional writer associated with learning.naukri.com. He has written a number of articles related to technology, marketing, and career on various blogs and websites. As an amateur career guru, he often imparts nuggets of knowledge related to leadership and motivation. He is also an avid reader and passionate about the beautiful game of football.